Crush injury Physiopedia

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  2. Physiopedia articles are best used to find the original sources of information (see the references list at the bottom of the article). The double crush hypothesis was first formulated in 1973 and states that axons that have been compressed at one site become especially susceptible to damage at another site. //physioworks.com.au/injuries.
  3. Physiopedia articles are best used to find the original sources of information (see the references list at the bottom of the article). Fortunately, very few victims had crush injuries and the only victim developed rhabdomyolysis was a 38 year-old police officer who had been trapped under rubble for 24 hours

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  1. Physiopedia articles are best used to find the original sources of information (see the references list at the bottom of the article). Any injury that changes the shape of a lumbar vertebra will alter the lumbar posture, increasing or decreasing the lumbar curve. Burst/crush fracture.
  2. Physiopedia articles are best used to find the original sources of information (see the references list at the bottom of the article). Brachial plexus injuries range in severity and cause. The effects may be mild or severe. Pressure could occur from crushing of the brachial plexus between the collarbone and first rib,.
  3. Most thoracic spine fractures occur in the lower thoracic spine, with 60% to 70% of thoraco-lumbar fractures occurring in the T11 to L2 region, which is bio-mechanically weak for stress. The majority of these fractures occur without spinal cord injury. 20 to 40% of the fractures are associated with neurological injuries. Major (high-energy) trauma, is the most common cause of thoracic.
  4. A crush injury of the hand is a way of injuring the hand that can damage important structures such as bone, ligaments, blood vessels and nerves. Physiotherapy is a beneficial treatment following a crush injury to the hand. What can cause a crush injury of the hand? Crush injuries are usually caused by a heavy object falling on the hand or the.
  5. A crush injury is injury by an object that causes compression of the body. This form of injury is rare in normal civilian practice, but common following a natural disaster. Other causes include industrial accidents, road traffic collisions, building collapse, accidents involving heavy plant, disaster relief or terrorist incidents
  6. The mechanism of injury for nail bed lacerations is usually a high-force crush (e.g., injury by machine press) or high-speed laceration (e.g., injury by rotary saw)
  7. Lisfranc injuries are caused when extreme force is applied to themidfoot, usually following a road traffic accident or a fall from height. Crush injuries such as dropping heavy objects onto your foot or your foot being run over can also cause this type of injury. Certain athletes can acquire this injury if their sport involves their foot being.

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  1. Optimal hand function is essential for good quality of life. Unfortunately, hand injuries are very common and finger and hand injuries are the most common type of work related injury in Australia. 1 Although severe hand injuries are generally managed in the hospital emergency department setting, many injuries of the hands and fingers are initially assessed in the general practice setting
  2. Direct injuries, including crush injuries and other high-en-ergy mechanisms, are frequently associated with significant soft-tissue trauma, vascular compromise, and compartment syndrome. Therefore, one should have a high suspicion for Lisfranc injuries and these other entities in patients presenting with a history of crush injury to the foot
  3. Another cause of ulnar nerve palsy may be due to a failure to splint the hand in an intrinsic-plus posture following a crush injury. There are a few systemic diseases which may also lead to ulnar nerve palsy. These include leprosy, syringomyelia, and Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease. However, these systemic diseases usually involve more than one nerve
  4. Jarvinen M, Sorvari T. Healing of a crush injury in rat stiated muscle, 1: description and testing of a new method of inducing a standard injury to the calf muscles. Acta Pathol Microbiol Scand. 1975; 83A:259-265. [Google Scholar
  5. Peripheral nerves can be damaged in several ways: Injury from an accident, a fall or sports can stretch, compress, crush or cut nerves. Medical conditions, such as diabetes, Guillain-Barre syndrome and carpal tunnel syndrome. Autoimmune diseases including lupus, rheumatoid arthritis and Sjogren's syndrome. Other causes include narrowing of the.

Pilon fractures are often severe injuries that can permanently affect the ankle joint. Pilon is the French word for pestle—an instrument used for crushing or pounding. In many pilon fractures, the bone may be crushed or split into several pieces due to the high-energy impact that caused the injury extra-articular coracoclavicular (CC) ligament. Radiographs help to confirm the injury.1 Another mechanism of injury can be caused by an indirect force from a fall with an outstretched hand. The CC ligament is usually not injured with this type of fall. 1,2 Acromioclavicular joint injuries account for 40-50% of athletic shoulder injuries. They ar Extensor Tendon Injuries are traumatic injuries to the extensor tendons that can be caused by laceration, trauma, or overuse. Diagnosis is made clinically by physical examination and performing various provocative tests depending on the location of the injury. Treatment can be nonoperative or operative depending on the zone of injury Phalanx fractures are common hand injuries that involve the proximal, middle or distal phalanx. Diagnosis can be confirmed with orthogonal radiographs of the involve digit. Treatment involves immobilization or surgical fixation depending on location, severity and alignment of injury. Epidemiology. Incidence

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In October we had no difficulties in choosing a topic - we were driven by devastation to life caused by the explosion in Beirut in August. Rachael, always organised and ready to help in crisis, contacted the teams on the ground and they said they were overwhelmed with the traumatic crush injuries they were seeing, particularly to the hand Phalangeal fractures are the most common type of hand fracture that occurs in the pediatric population and account for the second highest number of emergency department visits for fractures in the United States. The incidence of phalangeal fractures is the highest in children aged 10 to 14 years, wh Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is a broad term describing excess and prolonged pain and inflammation that follows an injury to an arm or leg. CRPS has acute (recent, short-term) and chronic (lasting greater than six months) forms. CRPS used to be known as reflex sympathetic dystrophy (RSD) and causalgia Saturday night palsy is a colloquial term given to brachial plexus injuries of the arm resulting from stretching or direct pressure against a firm object, often after alcohol or drug consumption. In most circumstances, this condition gives rise to a temporary plexopathy, which generally resolves. Ho What is Neuropraxia (Nerve Injury)? In the majority of the cases, the injury to the nerve appears as a direct result of acute trauma. The peripheral nerves present the highest risk for injuries, especially in situations of blunt force or bone fractures. These are the nerves that are found in the extremities, more specifically outside [

Flexor Tendon Injuries are traumatic injuries to the flexor digitorum superficialis and flexor digitorum profundus tendons that can be caused by laceration or trauma. Diagnosis is made clinically by observing the resting posture of the hand to assess the digital cascade and the absence of the tenodesis effect A peroneal nerve injury (also called foot drop), is a peripheral nerve injury that affects a patient's ability to lift the foot at the ankle. While foot drop injury is a neuromuscular disorder, it can also be a symptom of a more serious injury, such as a nerve compression or herniated disc

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Guyon's canal syndrome is an entrapment of the ulnar nerve as it passes through a tunnel in the wrist called Guyon's canal. This problem is similar to carpal tunnel syndrome but involves a completely different nerve. Sometimes both conditions can cause a problem in the same hand Causalgia, now known as complex regional pain syndrome type II, is a neurological condition that can cause intense and prolonged pain. Fortunately, it usually resolves with time, and it's. An avulsion fracture is an injury to the bone in a place where a tendon or ligament attaches to the bone. In the anterior iliac spine which is part of the pelvis the common sites of avulsion fractures are at the attachment of: Sartorius muscle to the anterior superior iliac spine; Rectus femoris to the anterior inferior iliac spin

9. Physeal injuries • Account for ~25% of all children's fractures. • More in boys. • More in upper limb. • Most heal well rapidly with good remodeling. • Growth may be affected. • Physis responds to compression as well as distraction (# implants infection etc) 10 Low Prices on Injury Shoulder. Free UK Delivery on Eligible Order The reverse form of double crush, aptly named reverse double crush, was later described by Dahlin and Lundborg in 1990 after observing patients with an ulnar nerve entrapment at the wrist later developing a similar proximal injury at the elbow 25. The morphology of the lesion seen in double crush is identical to lesions seen in chronic.

Direct injuries, including crush injuries and other high-en-ergy mechanisms, are frequently associated with significant soft-tissue trauma, vascular compromise, and compartment syndrome. Therefore, one should have a high suspicion for Lisfranc injuries and these other entities in patients presenting with a history of crush injury to the foot Lisfranc injury. Andrew Murphy and Assoc Prof Frank Gaillard et al. Lisfranc injuries, also called Lisfranc fracture-dislocations, are the most common type of dislocation involving the foot and correspond to the dislocation of the articulation of the tarsus with the metatarsal bases. On this page: Article: Pathology. Radiographic features crush injury; low-energy trauma with abnormal bone: insufficiency fracture; Classification. The Judet and Letournel system for acetabular fractures is the most widely used classification system in clinical practice. It classifies fracture based on oblique pelvic view on plain radiographs. Additional classification systems include Injury to the extensor tendon at the DIP joint, also known as mallet finger , is the most common closed tendon injury of the finger. Mallet finger usually is caused by an object (e.g., a ball.

Double Crush Syndrome - Physiopedi

Type 3 injuries include extensive skin and muscle damage, often caused by a crush injury, a severe fracture pattern, and compartment syndrome. Surgical treatment for Tibia shaft fracture Different types of fracture need different treatment approach, for a closed, minimal displacement fracture (Type 1) can be managed by long leg cast Palpationofnerves!! Normal!nerves!should!feel!round!and!hard.!! An!injury!to!a!nerve!may!feel!hard!and!thickened.! Nerves!under!tension!will!have!less!transverse.

A hematoma is the result of a traumatic injury to your skin or the tissues underneath your skin. When blood vessels under your skin are damaged and leak, the blood pools and results in a bruise. A. If you are suffering from a quadriceps tendinopathy, find out more about your injury, and about what Physio.co.uk can do to help you recover. Quadriceps Tendinopathy - Knee Tendinopathy - Knee - Conditions - Musculoskeletal - What We Treat - Physio.co.u

Pelvic Fractures. The pelvis is the sturdy ring of bones located at the base of the spine. Fractures of the pelvis are uncommon—accounting for only about 3% of all adult fractures. Most pelvic fractures are caused by some type of traumatic, high-energy event, such as a car collision Etiology of Vertebral Compression Fractures of the Spine. The most common etiology of VCFs is osteoporosis, although trauma,12 infection, and neoplasm can also lead to VCFs.13,14 Postmenopausal women have the greatest risk because of hormonal changes that can lead to osteoporotic bone. Decreased bone mineral density because osteoporosis disrupts the bone microarchitecture and alters the. Strengthening exercises are exercises which are designed to increase the strength of specific or groups of muscles. Strengthening exercises overload the muscle until the point of muscle fatigue. This force and overload of a muscle encourages the growth, increasing the strength. Weak muscles can increase the risk of injury to the surrounding. The most serious brachial plexus injury occurs when the nerve root is torn from the spinal cord. Signs and symptoms of more-severe injuries can include: Weakness or inability to use certain muscles in your hand, arm or shoulder. Complete lack of movement and feeling in your arm, including your shoulder and hand. Severe pain Compartment syndrome is a painful condition, with muscle pressure reaching dangerous levels. Acute compartment syndrome is a medical emergency, usually caused by trauma, like a car accident or broken bone. Chronic (or exertional) compartment syndrome is caused by intense, repetitive exercise and usually stops with rest or changes in routine

1. Crush Fracture: When the whole vertebra collapses, the result is a crush fracture. Because the whole bone is affected more uniformly, this type of fracture can cause a reduction in height rather than a more dramatic posture change. 2. Wedge Fracture: It is a common type of spinal compression fracture Saturday night palsy refers to a compressive neuropathy of the radial nerve that occurs from prolonged, direct pressure onto the upper medial arm or axilla by an object or surface. The radial nerve is composed of the C5 to T1 nerve roots, which arise from the posterior segment of the brachial nerve plexus. It initially runs deep to the axillary. Crush injuries. Anabolic steroid use. Taking steroids is a possible factor in compartment syndrome. Constricting bandages. Casts and tight bandages may lead to compartment syndrome. If symptoms of compartment syndrome develop, remove or loosen any constricting bandages. If you have a cast, contact your doctor immediately The tibia or shinbone is the most common long bone in the body for someone to fracture. The severity of symptoms depends on how it breaks, which is usually from a traumatic injury or overuse injury

Metatarsalgia is a common overuse injury. The term describes pain and inflammation in the ball of your foot. It's often thought of as a symptom of other conditions, rather than as a specific. 6. • Volkmann's ischemic contracture is a late sequelae of untreated or inadequately treated compartment syndrome in which necrotic muscle and nerve tissue are replaced with fibrous tissue . 7. ANATOMY • At the entrance to the flexor compartment of the forearm , lacertus fibrosus fans medially from the biceps tendon

V Crush injury to the physis. SH Classification from I - V Image Source: Kliegman RM et Al. Nelson Essentials of Pediatrics. Saunders; 2007, p 2838 Differences between Pediatric and Adult Fracture Healing 1. Fracture Remodeling - Process that occurs over time as a child's bone reshapes itself to an anatomi Unilateral sciatic nerve crush injury was performed on 10 male Wistar rats. Animals on the experimental group (n = 5) received celecoxib (10 mg/kg ip) immediately before the crush injury and daily. Charcot foot, also called Charcot arthropathy, is a disease that attacks the bones, joints, and soft tissue in your feet.When it starts, you may not realize something's wrong. But eventually, it. Triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) injuries of the wrist affect the ulnar (little finger) side of the wrist. Mild injuries of the TFCC may be referred to as a wrist sprain. As the name suggests, the soft tissues of the wrist are complex. They work together to stabilize the very mobile wrist joint. Disruption of this area through injury or.

Rhabdomyolysis - Physiopedi

Lumbar Compression Fracture - Physiopedi

  1. There are principally three stages of treatment and recovery from soft tissue injuries like ankle sprains. Stage one: During the first 24-72 hours, it is important to protect the injured area, gain an accurate diagnosis and follow the PRICE regime (see below). If possible, gentle pain free movement should be encouraged
  2. Our team routinely helps athletes recover from ankle injuries and get back in the game. To make an appointment or learn more about ankle sprain care, contact UPMC Sports Medicine at 1-855-93-SPORT (77678). Learn more about ankle sprain symptoms and tests. The links below will open a new browser window
  3. Major pelvic fractures are caused by major trauma such as road traffic accidents, crush injuries (for example, being run over by a car or rolled on by a horse) and falls from height. Pelvic fractures caused by high-force or high-speed injuries are often unstable and they need urgent hospital treatment
  4. Isolated ulnar shaft fractures are rare fractures of the forearm caused by either direct blow to the forearm (nightstick fracture) or indirect trauma (fall). Diagnosis can be made primarily by physical exam and plain radiographs. Minimally displaced (< 50% displacement and < 10° of angulation) are often treated nonsurgically, while treatment.
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  6. The C7 nerve root mainly powers muscles that straighten your elbow, according to Physiopedia. Perform 10 repetitions of each exercise, working up to three sets. Move 1: Banded Triceps Extension. Attach one end of the resistance band overhead. Hold the opposite end of the band in your hand on the affected arm

Brachial plexus injury - Physiopedi

A range of medical conditions can cause testicular pain, from infections to testicular torsion, a medical emergency. Learn about these and other causes of pain in the testicles here Brachial plexus injury pain can be mild to severe, and temporary to chronic, depending on the type and extent of the injury. For instance, a simple stretched nerve may hurt for a week or so, but a ruptured nerve can cause serious, long-term pain that might require physical therapy and potentially surgery Introduction. Orthopaedics is a wide area of practice for physiotherapists and one which we encounter in most settings be it in a hospital (e.g. elective surgery, trauma or disease) or a community setting (e.g. post-operative, injury, secondary issues and long-term musculoskeletal problems) Grade III injury - This involves a complete deltoid ligament tear. Although most injuries to the deltoid ligament can be treated with rest and ice application, a severe injury may need surgical repair. How to Recover from Deltoid Ligament Tear and Sprain. Most injuries to the deltoid ligament can be treated medically, without surgery Apply ice or cold therapy as soon as physically possible after injury, and for 10 to 15 minutes every hour during the acute stage. This is usually the first 24 to 48 hours depending on how bad the injury is. Ice should not be applied directly to the skin as ice burns can occur. Wrap it in a wet tea towel, or use a commercially available hot and.

Claw hand is a condition that causes curved or bent fingers. Claw hand is a hand characterized by curved or bent fingers, making the hand appear claw-like. This makes the hand appear like the claw of an animal. Causes of claw hand can also be due to anything that may lead to ulnar nerve palsy. Someone can be born with claw hand (congenital), or. The tibia is a larger bone on the inside, and the fibula is a smaller bone on the outside. The tibia is much thicker than the fibula. It is the main weight-bearing bone of the two. The fibula supports the tibia and helps stabilize the ankle and lower leg muscles. Tibia and fibula fractures are characterized as either low-energy or high-energy

Thoracic Spine Fracture - Physiopedi

The shaved area was larger than the patch electrode used in the TENS stimulation group. A 2-cm long incision was made to expose the sciatic nerve of the left hind leg. Two kinds of operative procedures were performed: an injury operation (crush injury, n = 12) and an implantation operation (crush injury with implantable stimulator, n = 6. Physiotherapy treatment for a medial collateral ligament sprain of the elbow. Physiotherapy is very important in the treatment of a medial collateral ligament injury of the elbow. Initially your physiotherapist will diagnose your problem and its severity and will determine an appropriate treatment plan. This often involves activity modification, soft tissue treatment such as electrotherapy. Adult Spondylolisthesis in the Low Back. In spondylolisthesis, one of the bones in your spine — called a vertebra — slips forward and out of place. This may occur anywhere along the spine, but is most common in the lower back (lumbar spine). In some people, this causes no symptoms at all

Volkmann contracture occurs when there is a lack of blood flow (ischemia) to the forearm. This occurs when there is increased pressure due to swelling, a condition called compartment syndrome. Injury to the arm, including a crush injury or fracture, can lead to swelling that presses on blood vessels and decreases blood flow to the arm The incidence is less than 1% of all carpal fractures. Mechanism of injury is usually a crush injury or a high-energy force that pushes the index metacarpal into the trapezoid. Treatment is based on stability of the fracture site. Because of the associated high-energy trauma there may be associated soft tissue injuries. Capitat There are many types of shoulder injuries: Fractures are broken bones. Fractures commonly involve the clavicle (collar bone), proximal humerus (top of the upper arm bone), and scapula (shoulder blade). Dislocations occur when the bones on opposite sides of a joint do not line up. Dislocations can involve any of three different joints

Indirect injury usually occurs through a torsional injury to the ankle and midfoot resulting in the cuboid being crushed between the calcaneus and metatarsals by forced plantar flexion and abduction. Direct injuries occur by direct blow or high energy crush injuries. However, injuries to the cuboid may be subtle and can be misdiagnosed as. Child developmentInjuries 202 reprinted from AustrAliAn fAmily physiciAn Vol. 41, no. 4, April 2012 Megan Eddy Hands, fingers, thumbs Assessment and management of common hand injuries in general practice Background Hand injuries are a common presentation to general practic A burst fracture is a descriptive term for an injury to the spine in which the vertebral body is severely compressed. They typically occur from severe trauma, such as a motor vehicle accident or a fall from a height. With a great deal of force vertically onto the spine, a vertebra may be crushed. With a great deal of force vertically onto the. Athletic Injuries Update: Shin Splints vs. Compartment Syndrome. November 2, 2011 7:49 pm. Compartment syndrome is a lower leg injury that can be acute and very serious, or something chronic, and more manageable. Often times, athletes with lower leg pain, automatically shake off their pain and consider it to be shin splints. Morel-Lavallée lesion (MLL) is an uncommon condition consisting of a closed degloving injury caused by forces that create pressure and shear stress between the subcutaneous tissue and the superficial fascia or bone. Most commonly, MLL is found over the greater trochanter and sacrum, but in rare cases can be found in other regions of the body

Crush Injury - Hand - Conditions - Musculoskeletal - What

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These injuries generally are caused by motor vehicle collisions (40-45%), followed by lower-energy mechanisms (30%). High-energy trauma is usually directed to the dorsum of the foot with resultant significant soft tissue and bony crushing injuries. Indirect trauma may occur when there is unusual axial loading of the plantarflexed foot. 24 The final common pathway for injury is an increase in intracellular free ionized cytoplasmic and mitochondrial calcium. This may be caused by depletion of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), the cellular source of energy, and/or by direct injury and rupture of the plasma membrane [ 1,2 ] Ice packs and heating pads are familiar rehabilitation tools, but many people have never heard of therapeutic contrasting: quickly changing tissue temperature from hot to cold and back again.This is usually achieved with hot and cold water, either dunking a limb or even immersing the whole body. The technique is most familiar to serious athletes, who believe — without much scientific support. Trigger finger is a common finger aliment, thought to be caused by inflammation and subsequent narrowing of the A1 pulley, which causes pain, clicking, catching, and loss of motion of the affected finger. Although it can occur in anyone, it is seen more frequently in the diabetic population and in.

Injuries that could cause a talus fracture include a fall from a great height or a car accident. A badly twisted ankle can also cause small pieces of the talus to break off Spinal fractures that occur as a result of osteoporosis are actually quite common, occurring in approximately 750,000 people in the U.S. each year. The problem is that the fracture is not always diagnosed—instead, the problem is often just thought of as general back pain, such as from a muscle strain or other soft tissue injury, or as a common part of aging.. Cause. The condition results from infection, injury (accident, surgery), hypoperfusion and hypermetabolism.The primary cause triggers an uncontrolled inflammatory response. Sepsis is the most common cause of Multiple Organ Dysfunction Syndrome and may result in septic shock.In the absence of infection, a sepsis-like disorder is termed systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) The crushing injuries common in car accidents may cause breaks that require surgical repair. Falls. Tripping and falling can break bones in your ankles, as can landing on your feet after jumping down from just a slight height. Missteps. Sometimes just putting your foot down wrong can result in a twisting injury that can cause a broken bone. Retrograde tracing and toe spreading after experimental autologous nerve transplantation and crush injury of the sciatic nerve: a descriptive methodological study. Evaluation of functional and structural recovery after peripheral nerve injury is crucial to determine the therapeutic effect of a nerve repair strategy

See a sports injury specialist who can advise on rehabilitation. Apply heat (hot water bottle, hot baths, see a specialist for ultrasound). From day 7 do light, pain-free exercises (4 sets of 10 reps three times a week). Cycling 2 to 3 times a week. Begin stretching (hold stretches for 30 secs, 5 times a day) Top Symptoms: foot numbness, pain in the sole of the foot, pain when touching the foot, pain in both feet, foot injury. Urgency: Self-treatment. Sciatica. Sciatica is a general term describing any shooting pain that begins at the spine and travels down the leg. The most common cause is a herniated or slipped disc in the lower spine Common causes of thoracic outlet syndrome include physical trauma from a car accident, repetitive injuries from job- or sports-related activities, certain anatomical defects (such as having an extra rib), and pregnancy. Sometimes doctors can't determine the cause of thoracic outlet syndrome

Crush injury - Wikipedi

Common peroneal nerve dysfunction is a type of peripheral neuropathy (damage to nerves outside the brain or spinal cord). This condition can affect people of any age. Dysfunction of a single nerve, such as the common peroneal nerve, is called a mononeuropathy. Mononeuropathy means the nerve damage occurred in one area Symptoms of a median nerve injury. An injury above the elbow may result in difficulty or even inability to turn the hand over or flex the wrist down. Injuries below this may cause tingling or numbness in the forearm, thumb and the three adjacent fingers. A weakness with gripping and inability to move the thumb across the palm may also be. This 'double crush' phenomenon was first described by Upton and colleagues in 1973. In reference to the cluneal nerves it became known as 'Syndrome Des Les Maigne.' 10,11. Several authors have also described nerve entrapment within the osseofibrous tunnels where the MBSC nerves pass over or near the iliac crest

Fingertip Injuries - American Family Physicia

Clinical characteristics and outcome by types of pelvicNeurodynamics - Physiopedia

Volkmann's contracture. Other names. Volkmann's ischaemic contracture. Specialty. Orthopaedics. Volkmann's contracture is a permanent flexion contracture of the hand at the wrist, resulting in a claw-like deformity of the hand and fingers. Passive extension of fingers is restricted and painful Shoulder impingement syndrome is a common cause of shoulder pain.It occurs when there is impingement of tendons or bursa in the shoulder from bones of the shoulder. Overhead activity of the. A cervical fracture, commonly called a broken neck, is a fracture of any of the seven cervical vertebrae in the neck.Examples of common causes in humans are traffic collisions and diving into shallow water. Abnormal movement of neck bones or pieces of bone can cause a spinal cord injury resulting in loss of sensation, paralysis, or usually instant death